Hong Kong has been in turmoil for the past four months. I have tried to understand, in an objective way, the root causes of the crisis. I have identified the following 10 important facts about Hong Kong and about the crisis.
First, the British defeated China in the Opium War of 1839 to 1842. Under the 1842 Treaty of Nanjing, the island of Hong Kong was ceded to the United Kingdom in perpetuity.