In the 1940s and 1950s, kindergartens in Singapore catered to the wealthy few, while government-run creches were set up to care for poor children.

Then came Independence in 1965. The People’s Association ran kindergartens in community centres. During rapid industrialisation in the 1970s, more centres were added to encourage women to work. From the 1980s, the ruling People’s Action Party (PAP) operated kindergartens on a large scale under the PAP Community Foundation (PCF). Throughout the 1990s and 2000s, pre-school was the domain of private providers.

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